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Viejo and In­vet­er­ate

The Span­ish viejo (“old”) comes from the Latin ve­tus mean­ing the same, “old.”

From the same Latin root we get the Eng­lish in­vet­er­ate (an SAT word mean­ing, a “long-in­grained habit.”) Lets break down the Eng­lish: the Latin pre­fix in- means, well, “in” and the “vet­er­ate” means “old”, from the same root ve­tus. So an in­vet­er­ate habit is re­al­ly just a habit you’ve had for a long time!

We can see that the v‑j root of viejo maps to the v‑t of in­vet­er­ate. The Latin ‑t- turn­ing in­to the ‑j- sound is­n’t that com­mon (more com­mon is that it turns in­to a ‑sh- sound, as in syrup and jarabe) but is­n’t too un­com­mon: we can hear the sim­i­lar­i­ties be­tween ‑t- and ‑sh- if we say the sounds to­geth­er quick­ly!

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