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Pre­de­cir — Pre­dict, Dic­tion

An easy way to re­mem­ber the Span­ish de­cir (to say) is through the word pre­dict.

Pre­dict is, lit­er­al­ly, pre — de­cir — to say be­fore­hand. Pre means “be­fore” and the dict- maps al­most ex­act­ly to the Span­ish de­cir.

How come the de­cir has an ex­tra ‑t in it to be predict? Be­cause the Latin pre­de­cire took the gram­mat­i­cal form of pred­i­ca­tus and this form grew in­to Eng­lish (via the French in­flu­ence). A pre­dic­tion in Span­ish, af­ter all, is pre­dicho!

Thus, it is a cousin of many Eng­lish words such as dic­tion and dic­tio­nary.

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