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Ga­nar and Gain

Ga­nar (Span­ish for “to win”) comes from the old Ger­man­ic root waidan­jan, mean­ing “to hunt”. From the same root, via French, we get the Eng­lish… gain.

The g‑n pat­tern is clear­ly vis­i­ble in both.

In­ter­est­ing­ly, this is al­most an ex­am­ple of the w- to g- pat­tern, like guer­ra and war. It has the orig­i­nal w- root in the orig­i­nal word but the mod­ern words, in both Span­ish and Eng­lish, use the g- sound (since the Eng­lish word came in­di­rect­ly from Latin via French).

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