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Es­puma and Foam

The Span­ish for “foam”, es­puma, comes from the Latin for the same: spuma. And this Latin comes from the Pro­to-In­do-Eu­ro­pean root *(s)poi-moi from which we al­so get the Eng­lish… foam.

How so? Be­cause the PIE root p- very con­sis­tent­ly be­came an f- as it evolved in­to Ger­man then Eng­lish, but this trans­for­ma­tion nev­er hap­pened when it be­came Latin and then Span­ish. Note words like foot/pie and fa­ther/padre.

Thus the f‑m of foam maps to the (s)-p‑m of es­puma very clear­ly!

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