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Des­ma­yar and Dis­may

Des­ma­yar, mean­ing “to faint” is — un­ex­pect­ed­ly! — re­lat­ed to the Eng­lish word, dis­may.

Both come from the same Old French root, es­maier, which meant “to trou­ble, dis­turb”. (This, in turn, comes from the Latin ex-ma­g­a­re, in which the ma­g­a­re means, “to be pow­er­ful” and is re­lat­ed to the Eng­lish, “might” and “may.”)

Thus, both faint­ing and be­ing in to­tal shock (dis­mayed!) are both just an­cient man­i­fes­ta­tions of be­ing trou­bled at some­thing.

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