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Ayu­dar and Aid, Ad­ju­tant

The Span­ish ayu­dar, for “to help” is a close cousin of the Eng­lish, aid. You can see that if we re­mem­ber that the ‑y- sound is very sim­i­lar to the ‑i- and thus the a‑y-d of ayu­dar maps to the a‑i-d of aid.

Both come from the same root: the Latin pre­fix ad- (“to”) and the verb ju­vare (“to help”). We can see the j to y tran­si­tion here as well. Thus, both words are re­lat­ed to ad­ju­tant as well.

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