The common Spanish word aprender (“to learn”) comes from the similar Latin, apprehendere for the same.
From the same Latin root, we get a variety of related English words, most notably, apprentice — an apprentice just learns from the master, right?
A few other English words come from the same root, although less directly, including, apprehend: what is learning if not arresting all the information, knowledge, and wisdom you hear and keeping it in your mind? And apprise, which is just notifying someone — and that is really just sharing your learnings! We also get the English apprehensive: perhaps being apprehensive is just being scared of some knowledge?
The a-p-r-n-d root is clearly visible in all of these variations.