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Amar­il­lo, Amar­go

Al­though, there is no ob­vi­ous Eng­lish cog­nate, amar­go is the Span­ish word for bit­ter. Bit­ter­sweet, for ex­am­ple, is amar­go­dulce: lit­er­al­ly, bit­ter-sweet.

In­ter­est­ing­ly, though, the very com­mon Span­ish word for “yel­low,” amar­il­lo, comes from this same root for bit­ter. It lit­er­al­ly means “a bit of bit­ter­ness,” from the Latin amarus for “bit­ter” with the -il­lo dimi­nu­itive end­ing.

Yel­low — the col­or of melan­choly, of puke, of snot — is re­al­ly the col­or of just a hint of bit­ter­ness.

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